MAC下修改mysql默认字符集为utf8的方法

浏览: 112 发布日期: 2018-03-22 分类: mysql

1,检查默认安装的mysql的字符集

mysql> show variables like '%char%';
+--------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------+
| Variable_name            | Value                                                  |
+--------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------+
| character_set_client     | utf8                                                   |
| character_set_connection | utf8                                                   |
| character_set_database   | latin1                                                 |
| character_set_filesystem | binary                                                 |
| character_set_results    | utf8                                                   |
| character_set_server     | latin1                                                 |
| character_set_system     | utf8                                                   |
| character_sets_dir       | /usr/local/mysql-5.5.23-osx10.6-x86_64/share/charsets/ |
+--------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

character_set_database和character_set_server依然是latin1的字符集,也就是说mysql后续创建的表都是latin1字符集的,不是utf8,会造成一些麻烦。所以有必要修改my.cnf,在修改my.cnf之前一定要关闭mysql进程,不然会遇到mysql的sock不能连接的问题。

2,关闭mysqld后台进程

系统偏好设置里面控制mysqld,避免了去找mysqld安装位置的麻烦。

点击 Stop MySQL Server

3,修改mysql配置文件/etc/my.cnf

sudo cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf

sudo vi /etc/my.cnf

[client]部分加入:

default-character-set=utf8

[mysqld]部分加入:

character-set-server=utf8

修改完毕之后再启动mysql

4,检查结果:

mysql> show variables like '%char%';
+--------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------+
| Variable_name            | Value                                                  |
+--------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------+
| character_set_client     | utf8                                                   |
| character_set_connection | utf8                                                   |
| character_set_database   | utf8                                                   |
| character_set_filesystem | binary                                                 |
| character_set_results    | utf8                                                   |
| character_set_server     | utf8                                                   |
| character_set_system     | utf8                                                   |
| character_sets_dir       | /usr/local/mysql-5.5.23-osx10.6-x86_64/share/charsets/ |
+--------------------------+--------------------------------------------------------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

修改完毕#

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