mysql 5.7.21 安装配置方法图文教程(window)

浏览: 36 发布日期: 2018-02-06 分类: mysql

window环境安装mysql5.7.21,具体内容如下

1. 从MySQL官网下载免安装的压缩包mysql-5.7.21-winx64.zip

2. 解压到相应的目录(此处解压到F:\mysql-5.7.21-winx64)

3. 配置环境变量,将MySQL的启动目录(F:\mysql-5.7.21-winx64\bin)添加到Path中

4. 在MySQL目录下(F:\mysql-5.7.21-winx64)创建my.ini文件,内容如下:

[mysql] 
# 设置mysql客户端默认字符集 
default-character-set=utf8 
[mysqld] 
#设置3306端口 
port = 3306 
# 设置mysql的安装目录 
basedir=F:\mysql-5.7.21-winx64 
# 设置mysql数据库的数据的存放目录 
datadir=F:\mysql-5.7.21-winx64\data 
# 允许最大连接数 
max_connections=200 
# 服务端使用的字符集默认为8比特编码的latin1字符集 
character-set-server=utf8 
# 创建新表时将使用的默认存储引擎 
default-storage-engine=INNODB 

5. 管理员身份运行cmd

切换目录:C:\Windows\system32>cd F:\mysql-5.7.21-winx64\bin 

生成MySQL服务:

F:\mysql-5.7.21-winx64\bin>mysqld -install 
Service successfully installed.

生成data目录:F:\mysql-5.7.21-winx64\bin>mysqld --initialize-insecure --user=mysql 

启动MySQL服务:

C:\Windows\system32>net start mysql 
MySQL 服务正在启动 . 
MySQL 服务已经启动成功。 

6. 登录数据库,修改密码(默认密码为空)

登录数据库:

C:\Windows\system32>mysql -uroot -p 
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. 
Your MySQL connection id is 2 
Server version: 5.7.21 MySQL Community Server (GPL) 
 
Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 
 
Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its 
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective 
owners. 
 
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. 
 
mysql> 

修改密码:

mysql> 
mysql> 
mysql> show databases; 
+--------------------+ 
| Database   | 
+--------------------+ 
| information_schema | 
| mysql    | 
| performance_schema | 
| sys    | 
+--------------------+ 
4 rows in set (0.00 sec) 
 
mysql> use mysql; 
Database changed 
mysql> update user set authentication_string=password("新密码") where User="root"; 
Query OK, 1 row affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec) 
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 1 Warnings: 1 
mysql> 
mysql>FLUSH PRIVILEGES; 

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

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