前端后分离Ajax跨域请求保证Session一致

浏览: 41 发布日期: 2017-12-18 分类: ajax

前后端分离的项目,使用Ajax请求一般都出现跨域的问题。
跨域的时候所创建的session是不会被浏览器保存下来的。所以每次进行跨域请求时,服务器都认为不是同一个浏览器所发起的请求,session也会不一样。以下将介绍如何保证session一致。

前端Ajax请求

$.ajax({
    url:url,
    <! -- 加上此部分 Start-- >
    xhrFields: {
       withCredentials: true
    },
    crossDomain: true,
    <! -- 加上此部分 End-- >
    success:function() {
    },
    error:function() {
    }
});

后端构建一个拦截器,对需要跨域访问的request头部重写
如:

public void doFilter(ServletRequest servletRequest, ServletResponse servletResponse, FilterChain filterChain) throws IOException, ServletException {
    HttpServletResponse response= (HttpServletResponse) servletResponse;
    HttpServletRequest request=(HttpServletRequest)servletRequest;
    response.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Origin", "*");
    response.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Methods", "POST, GET, OPTIONS, DELETE");
    response.setHeader("Access-Control-Max-Age", "3600");
    response.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Headers", "x-requested-with");
    response.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Credentials", "true");
    response.setHeader("XDomainRequestAllowed","1");
    filterChain.doFilter(servletRequest,servletResponse);
}

另外Spring boot的项目可以添加拦截配置,以下:

@Component
@Order(Ordered.HIGHEST_PRECEDENCE)
public class AuthCorsFilter extends CorsFilter {

    public AuthCorsFilter() {
        super(configurationSource());
    }

    private static UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource configurationSource() {
        CorsConfiguration config = new CorsConfiguration();
        config.setAllowCredentials(true);
        config.addAllowedOrigin("*");
        config.addAllowedHeader("*");
        config.addAllowedMethod("*");
        config.setAllowCredentials(true);
        UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource source = new UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource();
        source.registerCorsConfiguration("/**", config);
        return source;
    }
}

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