SpaceVim:高度可定制模块化 vim 配置

浏览: 300 发布日期: 2017-01-04 分类: vim


Like spacemacs, but for vim.


  • Neovim-centric
  • Modular configuration
  • Lazy-load 90% of plugins withdein.vim
  • Robust, yet light weight
  • Unite centric work-flow
  • Extensive Neocomplete setup
  • Central location for tags
  • Lightweight simple status/tabline
  • Premium color-schemes


  • config/ - Configuration
    • plugins/ - Plugin configurations
    • mappings.vim - Key mappings
    • autocmds.vim - autocmd group
    • general.vim - General configuration
    • init.vim - runtimepath initialization
    • neovim.vim - Neovim specific setup
    • plugins.vim - Plugin bundles
    • commands.vim - Commands
    • functions.vim - Functions
    • main.vim - Main config
  • ftplugin/ - Language specific custom settings
  • snippets/ - Code snippets
  • filetype.vim - Custom filetype detection
  • init.vim - Sources config/main.vim
  • vimrc - Sources config/main.vim


  • vim
mv ~/.vimrc ~/.vimrc_bak
 mv ~/.vim ~/.vim_bak
 git clone ~/.vim
  • nvim
git clone ~/.config/nvim

Modular configuration

SpaceVim will load custom configuration from ~/.local.vim and .local.vim in current directory.

here is an example:

" here are some basic customizations, please refer to the top of the vimrc file for all possible options
let g:spacevim_default_indent = 3
let g:spacevim_max_column     = 80
let g:spacevim_colorscheme    = 'my_awesome_colorscheme'
let g:spacevim_plugin_manager = 'dein'  " neobundle or dein or vim-plug

" change the default directory where all miscellaneous persistent files go
let g:spacevim_cache_dir = "/some/place/else"

" by default, language specific plugins are not loaded.  this can be changed with the following:
let g:spacevim_plugin_groups_exclude = ['ruby', 'python']

" if there are groups you want always loaded, you can use this:
let g:spacevim_plugin_groups_include = ['go']

" alternatively, you can set this variable to load exactly what you want
let g:spacevim_plugin_groups = ['core', 'web']

" if there is a particular plugin you don't like, you can define this variable to disable them entirely
let g:spacevim_disabled_plugins=['vim-foo', 'vim-bar']

" anything defined here are simply overrides
set wildignore+=\*/node_modules/\*
set guifont=Wingdings:h10

Unite centric work-flow

  • List all the plugins has been installed, fuzzy find what you want, default action is open the github website of current plugin. default key is <leader>lp

  • List all the mappings and description: f<space>

  • List all the starred repos in, fuzzy find and open the website of the repo. default key is <leader>ls

Plugin Highlights

  • Package management with caching enabled and lazy loading
  • Project-aware tabs and label
  • Vimfiler as file-manager + SSH connections
  • Go completion via vim-go and gocode
  • Javascript completion via Tern
  • PHP completion, indent, folds, syntax
  • Python jedi completion, pep8 convention
  • Languages: Ansible, css3, csv, json, less, markdown, mustache
  • Helpers: Undo tree, bookmarks, git, tmux navigation, hex editor, sessions, and much more.

Note that 90% of the plugins are lazy-loaded .

Non Lazy-Loaded Plugins

Name Description
dein.vim Dark powered Vim/Neovim plugin manager
vimproc Interactive command execution
colorschemes Awesome color-schemes
file-line Allow opening a file in a given line
neomru MRU source for Unite
cursorword Underlines word under cursor
gitbranch Lightweight git branch detection
gitgutter Shows git diffs in the gutter
tinyline Tiny great looking statusline
tagabana Central location for all tags
bookmarks Bookmarks, works independently from vim marks
tmux-navigator Seamless navigation between tmux panes and vim splits

Lazy-Loaded Plugins


Name Description
html5 HTML5 omnicomplete and syntax
mustache Mustache and handlebars syntax
markdown Markdown syntax highlighting
ansible-yaml Additional support for Ansible
jinja Jinja support in vim
less Syntax for LESS
css3-syntax CSS3 syntax support to vim's built-in syntax/css.vim
csv Handling column separated data
pep8-indent Nicer Python indentation
logstash Highlights logstash configuration files
tmux vim plugin for tmux.conf
json Better JSON support
toml Syntax for TOML
i3 i3 window manager config syntax
Dockerfile syntax and snippets for Dockerfile
go Go development
jedi-vim Python jedi autocompletion library
ruby Ruby configuration files
portfile Macports portfile configuration files
javascript Enhanced Javascript syntax
javascript-indent Javascript indent script
tern Provides Tern-based JavaScript editing support
php Up-to-date PHP syntax file
phpfold PHP folding
phpcomplete Improved PHP omnicompletion
phpindent PHP official indenting
phpspec PhpSpec integration


Name Description
vimfiler Powerful file explorer
tinycomment Robust but light-weight commenting
vinarise Hex editor
syntastic Syntax checking hacks
gita An awesome git handling plugin
gista Manipulate gists in Vim
undotree Ultimate undo history visualizer
incsearch Improved incremental searching
expand-region Visually select increasingly larger regions of text
open-browser Open URI with your favorite browser
prettyprint Pretty-print vim variables
quickrun Run commands quickly
ref Integrated reference viewer
dictionary interface
vimwiki Personal Wiki for Vim
thesaurus Look up words in an online thesaurus


Name Description
goyo Distraction-free writing
limelight Hyperfocus-writing
matchit Intelligent pair matching
indentline Display vertical indention lines
choosewin Choose window to use, like tmux's 'display-pane'


Name Description
delimitmate Insert mode auto-completion for quotes, parens, brackets
echodoc Print objects' documentation in echo area
deoplete Neovim: Dark powered asynchronous completion framework
neocomplete Next generation completion framework
neosnippet Contains neocomplete snippets source


Name Description
unite Unite and create user interfaces
unite-colorscheme Browse colorschemes
unite-filetype Select file type
unite-history Browse history of command/search
unite-build Build with Unite interface
unite-outline File "outline" source for unite
unite-tag Tags source for Unite
unite-quickfix Quickfix source for Unite
neossh SSH interface for plugins
unite-pull-request GitHub pull-request source for Unite
junkfile Create temporary files for memo and testing
unite-issue Issue manager for JIRA and GitHub

Operators & Text Objects

Name Description
operator-user Define your own operator easily
operator-replace Operator to replace text with register content
operator-surround Operator to enclose text objects
textobj-user Create your own text objects
textobj-multiblock Handle multiple brackets objects

Custom Key bindings

Key Mode Action
<leader> + y Normal/visual Copy selection to X11 clipboard ("+y)
<leader> + p Normal/visual Paste selection from X11 clipboard ("+p)
Ctrl + f Normal Smart page forward (C-f/C-d)
Ctrl + b Normal Smart page backwards (C-b/C-u)
Ctrl + e Normal Smart scroll down (3C-e/j)
Ctrl + y Normal Smart scroll up (3C-y/k)
Ctrl + q Normal Ctrl + w
Ctrl + x Normal Switch buffer and placement
Up,Down Normal Smart up and down
} Normal After paragraph motion go to first non-blank char (}^)
< Visual/Normal Indent to left and re-select
> Visual/Normal Indent to right and re-select
Tab Visual Indent to right and re-select
Shift + Tab Visual Indent to left and re-select
gp Normal Select last paste
Q / gQ Normal Disable EX-mode ()
Ctrl + a Command Navigation in command line
Ctrl + b Command Move cursor backward in command line
Ctrl + f Command Move cursor forward in command line

File Operations

Key Mode Action
<leader> + cd Normal Switch to the root directory(vim-rooter)
<leader> + w Normal/visual Write (:w)
Ctrl + s All Write (:w)
W!! Command Write as root

Editor UI

Key Mode Action
F2 All Toggle tagbar
F3 All Toggle Vimfiler
<leader> + ts Normal Toggle spell-checker (:setlocal spell!)
<leader> + tn Normal Toggle line numbers (:setlocal nonumber!)
<leader> + tl Normal Toggle hidden characters (:setlocal nolist!)
<leader> + th Normal Toggle highlighted search (:set hlsearch!)
<leader> + tw Normal Toggle wrap (:setlocal wrap! breakindent!)
g0 Normal Go to first tab (:tabfirst)
g$ Normal Go to last tab (:tablast)
gr Normal Go to preview tab (:tabprevious)
Ctrl + <Dow> Normal Move to split below (j)
Ctrl + <Up> Normal Move to upper split (k)
Ctrl + <Left> Normal Move to left split (h)
Ctrl + <Right> Normal Move to right split (l)
* Visual Search selection forwards
# Visual Search selection backwards
, + Space Normal Remove all spaces at EOL
Ctrl + r Visual Replace selection
<leader> + lj Normal Next on location list
<leader> + lk Normal Previous on location list
<leader> + S Normal/visual Source selection

Window Management

Key Mode Action
q Normal Smart buffer close
s + p Normal Split nicely
s + v Normal :split
s + g Normal :vsplit
s + t Normal Open new tab (:tabnew)
s + o Normal Close other windows (:only)
s + x Normal Remove buffer, leave blank window
s + q Normal Closes current buffer (:close)
s + Q Normal Removes current buffer (:bdelete)
Tab Normal Next window or tab
Shift + Tab Normal Previous window or tab
<leader> + sv Normal Split with previous buffer
<leader> + sg Normal Vertical split with previous buffer

Plugin: Unite

Key Mode Action
; + r Normal Resumes Unite window
; + f Normal Opens Unite file recursive search
; + i Normal Opens Unite git file search
; + g Normal Opens Unite grep with ag (the_silver_searcher)
; + u Normal Opens Unite source
; + t Normal Opens Unite tag
; + T Normal Opens Unite tag/include
; + l Normal Opens Unite location list
; + q Normal Opens Unite quick fix
; + e Normal Opens Unite register
; + j Normal Opens Unite jump, change
; + h Normal Opens Unite history/yank
; + s Normal Opens Unite session
; + o Normal Opens Unite outline
; + ma Normal Opens Unite mapping
; + me Normal Opens Unite output messages
<leader> + b Normal Opens Unite buffers, mru, bookmark
<leader> + ta Normal Opens Unite tab
<leader> + gf Normal Opens Unite file with word at cursor
<leader> + gt Normal/visual Opens Unite tag with word at cursor
<leader> + gg Visual Opens Unite navigate with word at cursor
Within Unite buffers    
Ctrl + h/k/l/r Normal Un-map
Ctrl + r Normal Redraw
Ctrl + j Insert Select next line
Ctrl + k Insert Select previous line
' Normal Toggle mark current candidate, up
e Normal Run default action
Ctrl + v Normal Open in a split
Ctrl + s Normal Open in a vertical split
Ctrl + t Normal Open in a new tab
Tab Normal Ctrl + w + w
Escape Normal Exit unite
jj Insert Leave Insert mode
r Normal Replace ('search' profile) or rename
Tab Insert Unite autocompletion
Ctrl + z Normal/insert Toggle transpose window
Ctrl + w Insert Delete backward path

Plugin: VimFiler

Key Mode Action
; + e Normal Toggle file explorer
; + a Normal Toggle file explorer on current file
Within VimFiler buffers    
Ctrl + j Normal Un-map
Ctrl + l Normal Un-map
E Normal Un-map
sv Normal Split edit
sg Normal Vertical split edit
p Normal Preview
i Normal Switch to directory history
Ctrl + r Normal Redraw
Ctrl + q Normal Quick look

Plugin: neocomplete

Key Mode Action
Enter Insert Smart snippet expansion
Ctrl + space Insert Autocomplete with Unite
Tab Insert/select Smart tab movement or completion
Ctrl + j/k/f/b Insert Movement in popup
Ctrl + g Insert Undo completion
Ctrl + l Insert Complete common string
Ctrl + o Insert Expand snippet
Ctrl + y Insert Close pop-up
Ctrl + e Insert Close pop-up
Ctrl + l Insert Complete common string
Ctrl + d Insert Scroll down
Ctrl + u Insert Scroll up

Plugin: TinyComment

Key Mode Action
<leader> + v Normal/visual Toggle single-line comments
<leader> + V Normal/visual Toggle comment block

Plugin: Goyo and Limelight

Key Mode Action
<leader> + G Normal Toggle distraction-free writing

Plugin: ChooseWin

Key Mode Action
- Normal Choose a window to edit
<leader> + - Normal Switch editing window with selected

Plugin: Bookmarks

Key Mode Action
m + a Normal Show list of all bookmarks
m + m Normal Toggle bookmark in current line
m + n Normal Jump to next bookmark
m + p Normal Jump to previous bookmark
m + i Normal Annotate bookmark

Plugin: Gita

Key Mode Action
<leader> + gs Normal Git status
<leader> + gd Normal Git diff
<leader> + gc Normal Git commit
<leader> + gb Normal Git blame
<leader> + gB Normal Open in browser
<leader> + gp Normal Git push

Plugin: GitGutter

Key Mode Action
<leader> + hj Normal Jump to next hunk
<leader> + hk Normal Jump to previous hunk
<leader> + hs Normal Stage hunk
<leader> + hr Normal Revert hunk
<leader> + hp Normal Preview hunk

Misc Plugins

Key Mode Action
<leader> + gu Normal Open undo tree
<leader> + i Normal Toggle indentation lines
<leader> + j Normal Start smalls
<leader> + r Normal Quickrun
<leader> + ? Normal Dictionary
<leader> + W Normal Wiki
<leader> + K Normal Thesaurus


Credits & Thanks

  • vimdoc generate doc file for SpaceVim
  • Rafael Bodill and his vim-config
  • Bailey Ling and his dotvim